Thursday, October 16, 2014

The Ground is Falling! Urban Data Centers and a Case for Wireless Backup

In a front page expose, "Danger Under our Streets," USA Today reported that there are 86,000 miles of aging gas pipe lines corroding under U.S. streets. 30,000 miles are cast-iron, much of it from Roosevelt's time (Teddy!). The rest is unprotected, rusty steel1. Gas leaks are surprisingly common throughout and it's practically a tinderbox in older cities, notably Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington D.C., where replacing aging pipe is a mammoth undertaking.

Consider these statistics culled from government reports - thousands of gas leaks each year, an explosion every other day, thousands more averted and 2% of natural gas literally slipping through the (pipe) cracks. The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration reported that in 2012, Con Edison in New York averaged 83 leaks for every 100 miles of main. That year 9,906 leaks, half of them hazardous, were reported by Con Edison and National Grid just between New York City and Westchester county.2  5,900 leaks were mapped along 1,500 miles in Washington D.C.3

NYC aging underground infrastructure

Those afraid to drive across bridges may now want to avoid city streets as well, but from an IT standpoint, if you're responsible for a data center in a high risk city, then there's no excuse not to have a kick-ass wireless backup on your roof, whether to another facility or remote Internet POP. It's relatively cheap insurance and while it may not back up all your fiber, you'll easily maintain critical services. And we're not talking about covering you for a few tense minutes. A gas line explosion, like a hurricane, can sideline your data center for days.
"It's like Russian roulette," said Robert B. Jackson, a professor of environment science at Stanford and Duke, who's studied gas leaks in Washington D.C. and Boston. "The chances are you are going to be lucky, but once in a while, you're going to be unlucky.4"  What's the prognosis for replacing old, leaky gas pipes? Based on current rates, it's going to take decades. Jackson puts Baltimore at 140 years and Philadelphia at 805. Certainly it has to be sooner, but all of us reading this will have long since retired.

My message? I don't think the ground is going to swallow us up - yet, but underground gas explosions and other problems with our aging infrastructure are a real enough threat that colocation and data centers should take reasonable precautions. So find a knowledgeable wireless consultant or integrator (I know one!). Ask him to spec out a backup for you and put the dollars in your next budget. It's a justifiable expense that won't make a dent in your ops budget, and it just might make you a hero one day.

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"According to the Department of Transportation, New York City still uses about 3,000 miles of decades-old cast-iron pipe, Boston about 2,000 miles and Philadelphia about 1,500 miles."

#wirelessbackup #licensedmicrowave #undergroundinfrastructure #aginginfrastructure #undergroundgasleaks #datacenterbackup #colocationbackup

1 comment:

  1. Great post Mr. Theodore. Thanks for putting in the effort on obtaining the facts regarding the aging infrastructure. While it focused on the East coast, many many other communities have similar issues.